History of Finland

Brief Description

Finland is the Scandinavian Country under the continent of Europe. The area of Finland is 338,424 square kilometer. The population of the Finland is about 5 million. The official language is Finish and Swedish. Mostly people of Finland talk in Finish language. Finland is divided between two parts Northern Finland and Russia (another part). Finland is the richer country with 36,395 dollar GDP per capita.

Brief History

The first people came to Finland from Russia. They are settled in Finland at last of ice age about 9000-11000 years ago. Next people came to Finland from Sweden. So the Finland people are mixed between Russia and Sweden. Also their language is mixed with these countries. After the 1500 BC at the time of Bronze Age the coastal regions of Finland were a part of the Nordic Bronze Culture, whereas in the inland regions the influences came from the bronze-using cultures of Northern and Eastern Russia. At the end of Iron Age in 1155 Finland became the part of Sweden. Finland was part of Sweden for six hundred years long.

 

Sweden and Russia fought several time for the ruling of Finland. After long time war wars Russia and Finland became a treaty as Treaty of Noteborg in 1323This treaty said that the areas currently known as Western and Southern Finland belonged to Sweden and that Eastern Finland was under Russian power. Although there was a treaty but both countries were doing the cold war. Finally in 1809 Sweden surrenders Finland to Russia. The Czar declares Finland a semi-autonomous Grand Duchy with himself as constitutional monarch represented by a governor general. In 1812 the capital of Finland transferred to Helsinki.

 

In this time Finland developed their economy strongly. Russia was ruling the Finland as its own cultures and power. Finish wanted to their own culture, language and power. But Russia did not agree with them. For this reason there was a strong conflict with Russian and Finish expectation. In 1853 Finland involved the war named Crimean War. British jointed with Finland for the independence of Finland. In 1856 Finland issued its first postage stamps and in 1860 Finland published its own currency. In1905 Finland introduced its first parliament named unicameral parliament. December 6, 1917 Finland declared the independence from Russia. The new state is first recognized by the Soviet Union, France, Germany and Sweden. In 1919 Finland established the constitution in the parliament.

 

In 1918 Finland faced a Civil War. The conflict was happened between White guards and red guards. Reds guards lost in the Finish Civil War and White guards ruled the Finland up 1930. In this war 37 thousand people were died. In 1939(30 November) Soviet Union Attacked Finland again and ended the war in 1940. As a result of the wars, Finland had to concede Karelia and a few other territories to the Soviet Union. In 1941 Finland faced the constitution war. Finland was a parliamentary democracy from 1939 to 1945.

In 1944 (September 19) Finland sign some peace contact with Soviet Union. For making the strong relation with Soviet Union in 1947 Finland decreased its Marshall aid. After this time Finland faced could war but the good relation with Soviet Union, Finland was able to overcome this situation. Finnish president from 1956 to 1981, a master of diplomacy and one of the great leaders of his age, was responsible for steering Finland through the Cold War and its relationship with the Soviet Union. Finland jointed the Scandinavia as founding member. After finishing the all conflict of country Finland become a strong economic country in Europe.

In 1986 Finland become the full member of EFTA  and in 1989 Council of Europe. On October 1994 Finland people voted to join the European Union. 57% voted to join the European Union. Next year Finland parliament approved to join the European Union by 152-45 votes. In 2002 Finland approved the Euro Currency. At the same year Finland elected the first women president Mrs. Tarja Halonen. Now Finland has no conflict. Finland’s economy is growing more and more than previous year.

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